A tagset is a list of part-of-speech tags (POS tags for short), i.e. labels used to indicate the part of speech and sometimes also other grammatical categories (case, tense etc.) of each token in a text corpus.

Irish (Gaeilge) part-of-speech tagset is available in Irish corpora annotated with using the Part-of-speech tagger for Irish Finite-State Morphology and Constraint Grammar Disambiguation developed by Dhonnchadha, E. Uí (2006).

An Example of a tag in the CQL concordance search box[tag="Ncmsc"] finds all common singular masculine nouns in common case (which means nominative as well as accusative) , e.g. duine, rud (note: please make sure that you use straight double quotation marks)

Tagset

Parole Common Morphosyntactical Tagset

The tables below give a full description of the part-of-speech (morpho-syntactical) tagset used in the New Corpus for Ireland.

The tagset is built on the work of the MULTEXT, PAROLE and EAGLES projects which developed tagsets applicable to a wide range of languages.

The following 15 tables describe the information associated with the various parts of speech.
(All underlined items and categories in the tables marked with * are additional items specific to Irish which were added during manual checking of the text.)

1. Noun 9. Conjunction
2. Verb 10. Numerals
3. Adjective 11. Interjection
4. Pronoun 12. Unique Memebrship Class
5. Determiner 13. Residuals
6. Article 14. Punctuation
7. Adverb 15. Abbreviation
8. Adposition 16. Copula
17. Verbal Particle
noun
1. NOUN
1. POS 2. Type 3. Gender 4. Number 5. Case 6. Sem-Gender *7. Contrast
N c = common
p = proper
s = substant.
v = verbal
f = fem
m =mas
s = sing. p = pl. c = com.
g = gen.
v = voc.
d = dative
n/a e = emphatic

Example :
[tag="Feabhra"]

verb
2. VERB
1. POS 2. Type 3. Mood 4. Tense 5. Person 6. Number 7. Gender *8. Dependency *9. Contrast
V m =main i = indic .
s = subj.
m = imper
c = cond.
p = pres.
s = past
h = past hab
f = future
g = pres. hab
1 = first
2 = sec.
3 = third
0 = free
s = sing
p = pl.
n/a d = dependant
r = relative
n = negative
e = emphatic

Example :
[tag="fáiltíonn"]

adj
3. ADJECTIVE
1. POS 2. Type 3. Degree 4. Gender 5. Number 6. Case *7. Contrast
A q = qualificator
v = verbal
p = positive
c = comparative
f = fem.
m =masc.
s = sing
p = pl.
n = nom.
g = gen.
v = voc.
e = emphatic

Example :
[tag="glan"]
[tag="mó"]
[tag="briste"]

pron
4. PRONOUN
1.POS 2. Type 3. Person 4. Gender 5. Number 6. Case 7. Posessor
P p = personal
c = contrastive
x = reflexive
i = indefinite
r = prepositional
d = demonstrative
1 = first
2 = second
3 = third
0 = null
f = fem.
m =masc.
s = sing.
p= pl.
n/a e = emphatic

Example :
[tag=”sé”]
[tag=”seisean”]
[tag=”féin”]
[tag=”ceachtar”]

det
5. DETERMINER
1. POS 2. Type 3. Person 4. Gender 5. Number 6. Case 7. Posessor
D d = demonstrative
p = possessive
q = quantifier
c = contextual
w = interrogative
1 = first
2 = second
3 = third
f = fem.
m =masc.
s = sing
p = pl.
n/a n/a

Example :
[tag="seo"]
[tag="a"]
[tag="cé"]

art
6. ARTICLE
1. POS 2. Type 3. Gender 4. Number 5. Case
T d = definite f = fem.
m =masc.
s = sing
p = pl.
n = nom.
g = gen.

Example :
[tag="an"]

adv
7. ADVERB
1. POS 2. Type 3. Degree 4. Function 5. Wh-ness
R g = general
d = direction
i = intensifier
q = interrogative
r = relative
t = temporal
l = locative
b = base
c = comparative
s = superlative
m = mod.
s = spe.
n/a

Example :
[tag="síos"]
[tag="mar"]
[tag="conas"]
[tag="siar"]

adp
8. ADPOSITION
1. POS 2. Type 3. For‘ma‘tion 4. Gender 5. Number
S p = preposition c = compound
a = with article
s = sing
p = pl.
n = null

Example :
[tag="le"]
[tag="sa"]

conj
9. CONJUNCTION
1. POS 2. Type 3. Ctype 4. Coord-pos
C c = coordinate
s = subordinative
w = with copula
q = interrog.
r = relative
s = past tense

Example :
[tag="agus"]
[tag="go"]

num
10. NUMERALS
1. POS 2. Type 3. Gender 4. Number 5. Case
M c = cardinal
o = ordinal
p = personal
r = roman
n/a n/a n/a

Example :
[tag="trí"]
[tag="chéad"]
[tag="triúr"]
[tag="iii"]

int
11. INTERJECTION
1. POS
I

Example :
[tag="Ora"]

umc
12. UNIQUE MEMBERSHIP CLASS
1. POS 2. Particle Type 3. B-Function
U c = comparative
s = superlative
a = adverbial
r = relative
v = vocative
m = numeral
d = degree
p = patronym
o = other

Example :
[tag="a"]
[tag="a"]
[tag="Uí"]

res
13. RESIDUALS
1. POS 2 Type
X f = foreign
s = symbol
t = toponym
a = acronym
b = abbreviation
n = number
d = date
x = unknown

Example :
[tag="chevalier"]
[tag="Maigh"]

punc
14. PUNCTUATION
1. POS 2. Type
F e = sentence final
i = sen. Internal
a = quote/par init.
z= quote/par fin.
b= hyphen/ underscore/ dash
u = [[BR]]q = ?
x = apostrophe

Example :
[tag=";"]
[tag="-"]
[tag="!"]


abbrev
15. ABBREVIATION
1. POS
Y

Example :
[tag="lch"]

copula
16. COPULA
1. POS 2. Tense/Mood 3. Clause Type 4. Mood 5. Neg/Aff
W p = pres/fut
s = past/cond
i = independant
d = dependant
r = relative (direct)
s = relative (indirect)
i = indic.
s = subjunct.
q = interrog.
n = neg
a = affirmative
part
17. VERBAL PARTICLE
1. POS 2. Type 3. Mood 4. Tense
Q q = interrog.
n = neg
a = affirmative
q = interrog.
s = subjunct.
m = inperative
s = past

Example

[tag="a"]
[tag="ní"]

Reference

UÍ DHONNCHADHA, Elaine; VAN GENABITH, Josef. A Part-of-Speech tagger for Irish using finite state morphology and constraint grammar disambiguation. 2006.