The purpose of this document is to provide standardised word-level morphosyntactic specifications for Russian, i.e. a tagset and its definition in terms of attribute-value pairs.

These specifications follow the (draft) Version 4 of the multilingual MULTEXT-East specifications, which can be found on

The basic idea is that for each major category (Noun, Verb, Adjective, etc) the specifications define a fixed set of attributes (Case, Number, Gender, Animacy, etc), each with its set of values (e.g. masculine, feminine, neuter). Each category-dependent attribute is assigned a position, and each of its values a one letter code, so a complete morphosyntactic description of a word can be encoded by a MorphoSyntactic Descriptions (MSDs). For instance, the attribute-value specification Category = Noun, Type = common, Gender = masculine, Number = singular, Case = accusative, Animate = no corresponds to the MSD Ncmsan. In case a certain attribute is not appropriate for a given combination of features or for a particular lexical item, its code is the hyphen, e.g. Afpns-s, where the case for Adjective qualificative positive neuter singular is undefined, when in the short form.


1. Noun
2. Verb
3. Adjective
4. Pronoun
5. Adverb
6. Adposition
7. Conjunction
8. Numeral
9. Particle
10. Interjection
11. Abbreviation
12. Residual

Appendix A Index of Categories
Appendix B Index of Attributes
Appendix C Index of Values
Appendix D Lexical MSDs

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Basic overview of Russian tagset

noun N.*
verb V.*
adjective A.*
pronoun P.*
adverb R.*
adposition S.*
conjunction C.*
numeral M.*
particle Q.*
interjection I.*
abbreviation Y.*
residual X.*